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Virenscanner: Empfehlungen für Windows und Auschlusslisten für DCs, SQL, Sharepoint, Exchange und Lync

Posted by JoergS - 29. Dezember 2009

Hi,

Microsoft hat im KB Artikel 822158 Empfehlungen gegeben, wie man Anti Virenscanner für die Windows Betriebssysteme Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, und Windows 7 konfiguriert und welche Dateien, Ordner und Prozesse man auf Auschlusslisten setzen sollte.

For computers that are running Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7

Do not scan the following files and folders. These files are not at risk of infection. If you scan these files, serious performance problems may occur because of file locking. Where a specific set of files is identified by name, exclude only those files instead of the whole folder. Sometimes, the whole folder must be excluded. Do not exclude any one of these based on the file name extension. For example, do not exclude all files that have a .dit extension. Microsoft has no control over other files that may use the same extensions as the following files:

Microsoft Windows Update or Automatic Update related files

  • The Windows Update or Automatic Update database file. This file is located in the following folder:%windir%\SoftwareDistribution\DatastoreExclude the Datastore.edb file.
  • The transaction log files. These files are located in the following folder:%windir%\SoftwareDistribution\Datastore\LogsExclude the following files:
    • Edb*.log
      Note The wildcard character indicates that there may be several files.
    • Res1.log. The file is named Edbres00001.jrs for Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2.
    • Res2.log. The file is named Edbres00002.jrs for Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2.
    • Edb.chk
    • Tmp.edb
    • The following files in the %windir%\security path should be added to the exclusions list:
      • *.edb
      • *.sdb
      • *.log
      • *.chk

      Note If these files are not excluded, security databases are typically corrupted, and Group Policy cannot be applied when you scan the folder. The wildcard character indicates that there may be several files. Specifically, you must exclude the following files:

      • Edb.chk
      • Edb.log
      • *.log
      • Security.sdb in the <drive>:\windows\security\database folder
  • Group Policy related files
  • Group Policy user registry information. These files are located in the following folder:%allusersprofile%\Exclude the following file: NTUser.pol
  • Group Policy client settings file. These files are located in the following folder:%Systemroot%\system32\GroupPolicy\Exclude the following file: registry.pol
For Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, and Windows 2000 domain controllers

Because domain controllers provide an important service to clients, the risk of disruption of their activities from malicious code from a virus must be minimized. Antivirus software is the generally accepted way to lessen the risk of virus infection. Install and configure antivirus software so that the risk to the domain controller is reduced as much as possible and so that performance is affected as little as possible. The following list contains recommendations to help you configure and install antivirus software on a Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, or on a Windows 2000 domain controller:
Warning We recommend that you apply the following specified configuration to a test configuration to make sure that in your specific environment it does not introduce unexpected factors or compromise the stability of the system. The risk from too much scanning is that files are inappropriately flagged as having been changed. This results in too much replication in Active Directory. If testing verifies that replication is not affected by the following recommendations, you can apply the antivirus software to the production environment.
Note Specific recommendations from antivirus software vendors may supersede the recommendations in the article.

  • Antivirus software must be installed on all domain controllers in the enterprise. Ideally, try to install such software on all other server and client systems that have to interact with the domain controllers. It is optimal to catch the virus at the earliest point, such as at the firewall or at the client system where the virus is first introduced. This prevents the virus from ever reaching the infrastructure systems that the clients depend on.
  • Use a version of antivirus software that is designed to work with Active Directory domain controllers and that uses the correct Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to access files on the server. Older versions of most vendor software inappropriately change file metadata as it is scanned. This causes the File Replication Service engine to recognize a file change and therefore schedule the file for replication. Newer versions prevent this problem. For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:815263 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/815263/ ) Antivirus, backup, and disk optimization programs that are compatible with the File Replication service
  • Do not use a domain controller to browse the Web or to perform any other activities that may introduce malicious code.
  • When you can, do not use the domain controller as a file sharing server. Virus scanning software must be run against all files in those shares, and this can put an unsatisfactory load on the processor and the memory resources of the server
  • Do not put Active Directory or FRS database and log files on NTFS file system compressed volumes.
    For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:318116 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/318116/ ) Issues with Jet Databases on compressed drives
  • Do not scan the following files and folders. These files are not at risk of infection, and if you include them, this may cause serious performance problems because of file locking. Where a specific set of files is identified by name, exclude only those files instead of the whole folder. Sometimes, the whole folder must be excluded. Do not exclude any of these based on the file-name extension. For example, do not exclude all files that have a .dit extension. Microsoft has no control over other files that may use the same extension as those shown here.
    Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:322756(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/322756/ ) How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

    • Active Directory and Active Directory-related files:
      • Main NTDS database files. The location of these files is specified in the following registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\DSA Database FileThe default location is %windir%\ntds. Exclude the following files:Ntds.dit
        Ntds.pat
      • Active Directory transaction log files. The location of these files is specified in the following registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\Database Log Files PathThe default location is %windir%\ntds. Exclude the following files:EDB*.log (The wildcard character indicates that there may be several files.)
        Res1.log (The file is named Edbres00001.jrs for Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2.)
        Res2.log (The file is named Edbres00001.jrs for Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2.)
        Ntds.patNote Windows Server 2003 no longer uses the Ntds.pat file.
      • The NTDS Working folder that is specified in the following registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\DSA Working DirectoryExclude the following files:Temp.edb
        Edb.chk
    • SYSVOL files:
      • The File Replication Service (FRS) Working folder that is specified in the following registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NtFrs\Parameters\Working DirectoryExclude the following files:FRS Working Dir\jet\sys\edb.chk
        FRS Working Dir\jet\ntfrs.jdb
        FRS Working Dir\jet\log\*.log
      • The FRS Database Log files that are located in the following registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\system\currentcontrolset\services\NtFrs\Parameters\DB Log File DirectoryThe default location is %windir%\ntfrs. Exclude the following files:FRS Working Dir\jet\log\*.log (if the registry key is not set)
        FRS Working Dir\jet\log\edbres00001.jrs (Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2)
        FRS Working Dir\jet\log\edbres00002.jrs (Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2)
        DB Log File Directory\log\*.log (if the registry key is set)
      • The Staging folder that is specified in the following registry key and all the Staging folder’s sub-folders:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\system\currentcontrolset\services\NtFrs\Parameters\Replica Sets\GUID\Replica Set StageThe current location of the Staging folder and all its sub-folders is the file system reparse target of the replica set staging folders. Staging defaults to the following location:
        %systemroot%\sysvol\staging areas
        The current location of the SYSVOL\SYSVOL folder and all its sub-folders is the file system reparse target of the replica set root. The SYSVOL\SYSVOL folder defaults to the following location:
        %systemroot%\sysvol\sysvol
      • The FRS Preinstall folder that is in the following location:Replica_root\DO_NOT_REMOVE_NtFrs_PreInstall_DirectoryThe Preinstall folder is always open when FRS is running.

      In summary, the targeted and excluded list of folders for a SYSVOL tree that is placed in its default location would look similar to the following:

      1. %systemroot%\sysvol                                                  Exclude
      2. %systemroot%\sysvol\domain                                           Scan
      3. %systemroot%\sysvol\domain\DO_NOT_REMOVE_NtFrs_PreInstall_Directory  Exclude
      4. %systemroot%\sysvol\domain\Policies                                  Scan
      5. %systemroot%\sysvol\domain\Scripts                                   Scan
      6. %systemroot%\sysvol\staging                                          Exclude
      7. %systemroot%\sysvol\staging areas                                    Exclude
      8. %systemroot%\sysvol\sysvol                                           Exclude

      If any one of these folders or files have been moved or placed in a different location, scan or exclude the equivalent element.

    • DFSThe same resources that are excluded for a SYSVOL replica set must also be excluded when FRS is used to replicate shares that are mapped to the DFS root and link targets on Windows Server 2008-based, Windows Server 2003-based, or Windows 2000-based member computers or domain controllers.
    • DHCPBy default, DHCP files that should be excluded are present in the following folder on the server:%systemroot%\System32\DHCPNoteYou should exclude all files and subfolders that exist in this folder.The location of DHCP files can be changed. To determine the current location of the DHCP files on the server, check the DatabasePath, DhcpLogFilePath, and BackupDatabasePath parameters under the following registry subkey:

      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\services\DHCPServer\Parameters

For Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, and Windows 2000 domain controllers
  • DNS: You should exclude all files and subfolders that exist in the following folder:%systemroot%\system32\dns
  • WINS: You should exclude all files and subfolders that exist in the following folder:%systemroot%\system32\wins

File-Level Antivirus Scanning on Exchange 2010

Guidelines for choosing antivirus software to run on the computers that are running SQL Server

Anti-Virus Exclusions for Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 based computer that has Hyper-V Role installed

Certain folders may have to be excluded from antivirus scanning when you use a file-level antivirus program in SharePoint

Specifying Antivirus Scanning Exclusions for Lync Server 2010

Na dann, Viel Spass beim selber Testen!
CU

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